Monday, December 13, 2004

Flight path on

Monday, December 06, 2004

History : Kabul, Seat of Afghan Power

Kabul, modern Chronology

Kabul first appears in the historical record with mention of the Kubha River at the time of the Aryans around 1200BC.

In the 20th Century Kabul was at the vanguard of Afghanistan's faltering modernisation programme. King Amanullah slowly introduced electricity and girls' schools, built his palace at Darulaman on the south-west outskirts of Kabul, and would drive around the city in his Rolls Royce. Amanullah ruled until 1928 when he was deposed by the Tajik rebel Bacha-i-Saqao in 1928. The Bacha held sway in Kabul for nine months terrorising its populace until Pashtun rule was restored under Nadir Shah, Amanullah's half-brother.

Kabul continued to develop, opening its university in 1932, and paving its streets in the 1950s with Russian aid. Following the communist take-over, Kabul boomed again, its well-stocked shops and prosperous citizens marking a sharp contrast against the war-ravaged countryside.

It was only after the Soviet withdrawal that Kabul began to feel the effects of war. The Najibullah government held on to power until April 1992, when the city finally fell to the mujahideen forces.

The Taliban captured Kabul in September 1996, and were initially welcomed as restorers of peace and the rule of law. The public lynching of ex-President Najibullah (who had taken refuge with the UN) quickly squashed this notion. The Taliban were a movement of the countryside and largely illiterate, who viewed the educated Kabulis with severe distrust. The city was placed under the rule of a six-man shura, and Afghanistan's effective capital returned to Kandahar. Kabul suffered the worst repression of anywhere under Taliban rule.

The Taliban fled Kabul in November 2001 in the face of American bombing, and the Jamiat-dominated Northern Alliance walked back in to the city. The Bonn Agreement mandated the creation of the multinational military force ISAF to police the streets of Kabul, which has done much to allay the fears of its residents of a return to the anarchy of the nineties. Hamid Karzai now holds power from Kabul's Arg fortress, although his writ barely extends beyond the city limits and he is often referred to as the 'Mayor of Kabul'.

FKabul Caravan: Flying to Afghanistan

Full timetables and contact details can be found at Ariana Afghan Airlines website.

NGOs and Development in Afghanistan

Kabul Caravan: NGOs and Development in Afghanistan

Post War Afghanistan, rebuilding a nation, testing the limits of humanitarian aid and foreign help. How is this country going to rebuild itself ?

Self help or Long term charity case ?

Welcome to Kabul Caravan: An Online Travel Guide to Afghanistan

Welcome to Kabul Caravan: An Online Travel Guide to Afghanistan

Welcome to Kabul Caravan: An Online Travel Guide to Afghanistan

”Travelers, empire builders, archaeologists, spies, researchers, traders, diplomats, teachers, and seekers of spiritual or drug-induced fulfilment have flocked to Afghanistan whenever conditions have allowed. Many of these visitors jotted down memoirs and wrote books, in many languages, from the earliest historical period of the Greeks and Romans to the Chinese, Arabs, British, Russians and French. The many rich archaeological sites throughout the country attest both to its position as a crossroads of culture and to its hospitality to diversity and contemplation… Towns such as Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, and Balkh resound through history as remote and slightly dangerous places.”

- Ralph H. Magnus and Eden Naby, Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid

Should you go to Afghanistan?

“Watching the spectacle from my hotel room balcony, the prospect of peace in a country as beautiful and historic as Afghanistan began to sink in. There were excursions to plan, to the Bamiyan Buddhas and the blue lakes of Band-e Amir, and picnics at which Tariq and I would consume nothing but fresh fruit and swim in the invigorating rivers. There were alpine meadows to cross in Badakshan, all the way through the Wakhan Corridor to China, and carpet shopping in Mazar-e Sharif, where the chaikhanas looked like rug shops.”

- Christopher Kremmer, The Carpet Wars

Columbus World Travel Guide - Asia - Afghanistan - Passport/Visa

Columbus World Travel Guide - Asia - Afghanistan - Passport/Visa

Resource Travel Guide, check Visa, Passports Locations, Maps, Logistics.

Hotel Deals , mainly USA deals.

Afghanistan Reconstruction

Afghanistan Reconstruction

General Developement information about Afghanistan.

Afghanistan Procurement

Search Results - Notices

Things to check out in Afghanistan Trade.

Afghanistan Online: The Plight of the Afghan Woman

Afghanistan Online: The Plight of the Afghan Woman

Since the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, many would agree that the political and cultural position of Afghan women has improved substantially. The recently adopted Afghan constitution states that "the citizens of Afghanistan - whether man or woman- have equal rights and duties before the law". So far, women have been allowed to return back to work, the government no longer forces them to wear the all covering burqa, and they even have been appointed to prominent positions in the government. Despite all these changes many challenges still remain. The repression of women is still prevalent in rural areas where many families still restrict their own mothers, daughters, wives and sisters from participation in public life. They are still forced into marriages and denied a basic education. Numerous school for girls have been burned down and little girls have even been poisoned to death for daring to go to school.

travel and discovery 2004

Exploering Afghanistan